Advice to Drivers
ADVICE TO TWO-WHEELERS -
Take care you are the most vulnerable on the road. Two wheelers occupy less road space, consume less fuel and hardly damage roads. All plus points. But, unfortunately, there are many irresponsible two wheeler riders. For you and for other road users, driving can be pleasant if the following rules observed.
Think of pedestrians and cyclists, particularly in bad weather. You are one of the privileged few who own cars in our country. It is a great convenience. You can make driving a joy by observing a few simple rules when you are behind the wheel.
Provisions of Law
SOME IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF LAW
Section 3: It is an offence to drive a vehicle without Driving License.
Section 4: Age limit for obtaining driving license -
Section 19:The Regional Transport Officer (RTO) can disqualify persons from holding driving licence or revoke the same if the person -
Section 39: No person shall drive any motor vehicle and no owner shall cause or permit any vehicle to be driven without proper registration and display of the registration mark. If a vehicle is plying without proper registration, owner can be prosecuted though he/she may not be present at the time of offence.
Section 49: The change of address recorded in the Registration Certificate shall be reported within 30 days of any such change.
Section 50: Transfer of ownership should be reported within 14 days of the transfer if the vehicle is sold within the State and 45 days if the vehicle is sold outside the State.
Section 51: Ownership of a motor vehicle held under the hire purchase or lease or hypothecation agreement cannot be transferred without a written consent of the person to whom the vehicle is hypothecated.
Section 52: No owner of a vehicle shall so alter the vehicle that the particulars contained in the Certificate of Registration are no longer accurate. Such alteration can be made only with notice and prior approval of the Regional Transport Officer.
Section 53: If a vehicle is not in a fit condition to be used on the public road or is being used for hire without valid permit, the registration certificate can be suspended by the Regional Transport Officer.
Section 93: Only licensed persons to canvass and sell tickets for passenger transport vehicles.
Section 115: In the interest of public safety or convenience or because of the nature of any road or bridge, movement of certain types of vehicles can be restricted or prohibited. If the period of restriction is less than one month, no notification is necessary.
Section 119: Every driver shall drive the vehicle in conformity with the traffic sign boards and shall comply with all the directions given to him by any Police Officer for the time being engaged in the regulation of traffic.
Section 121: Signaling by the driver regarding his intentions to stop or take a left or right turn is mandatory. If he does not do so, the driver can be prosecuted.
Section 122: Leaving a vehicle at rest on any public place in such a way as to cause or likely to cause danger, obstruction or undue inconvenience to other road users is an offence. Such vehicles can be towed away by Police and charged for towing as well as this offence.
Section 123: Foot-board travelling and travelling on the top of the vehicle or bonnet is prohibited. The driver or conductor can refuse to move such a vehicle.
Section 129: It is mandatory to wear a helmet of ISI standard while riding a motor cycle in public place. However, the State Government can make rules as it may think fit. There are decided cases in the Courts that any act aimed at doing good is not violative of any fundamental right
Section 130: The driver of a motor vehicle in any public place shall, on demand by any Police Officer in uniform, produce his Driving License, Registration Certificate, Insurance Certificate, Fitness Certificate and the Permit can be demanded in this manner by Officers of Motor Vehicles Department only.
Section 133: It is the duty of the owner of a Motor Vehicle which is involved in any offence to give all information regarding the name and address of and the license held by the driver or the conductor on demand by any Police Officer.
Section 136: All vehicles involved in road accidents have to be inspected by the authorised Officers of Motor Vehicles Department.
Section 140: Where death or permanent disablement of any person has resulted from a road accident, the owner of the vehicle involved shall be liable to pay compensation in respect of such death or disablement irrespective of his/her fault. The compensation for death shall be Rs. 50,000/- and for permanent disablement Rs. 25,000/-.
In such claims, the claimant shall not be required to plead and establish that the death or permanent disablement was due to any wrongful act, neglect or default of the owner of the vehicle involved. The claim shall not be defeated by reason of any wrongful act, neglect or default of the person in respect of whose death or permanent disablement, the claim has been made. Besides the owner of the vehicle, the Insurance Company is also liable under this section. Section 146: No vehicle shall be used on the road without proper Insurance Certificate. The responsibility lies with the owner of the vehicle
Section 158: Any person driving a motor vehicle in any public place, shall, on being required by a Police Officer in uniform, produce:
in case of transport vehicles, also the certificate of fitness and the permit
Section 160: For the purpose of claiming compensation in a road accident, information regarding the vehicle involved, the driver, injured, property damaged can be obtained from the Police Officer incharge of the concerned Police Station on payment of the prescribed fee.
Section 161: In respect of death of any person resulting from a hit and run road accident, a compensation of Rs. 25,000/- is paid. In respect of grievous hurt, the compensation to be paid is Rs. 12,500/-. This compensation is to be paid by the District Magistrate concerned.
Section 179: Disobedience to orders of the competent authority, obstruction to discharge of official duty or refusal of information to the authority concerned can result in fine upto Rs. 500/-.
Section 180: If a owner permits any unauthorised person to drive the vehicle without driving licence, the owner is liable for imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 1,000/- or both.
Section 181: Driving without valid and proper driving licence can result in imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 500/- or both
Section 182: If a person who has been disqualified for holding or obtaining a driving licence either drives a motor vehicle or applies for or obtains a driving licence with-holding the information regarding disqualification, the person can be imprisoned upto 3 months or punished with fine upto Rs. 500/- or with both.
Section 182(a): Whoever alters the construction of the vehicle without prior approval of the competent authority shall be punishable with fine of Rs. 1,000/- for the first offence and with a fine of Rs. 5,000/- for any subsequent offence.
Section 185: Punishment for drunken driving is imprisonment upto 2 years or fine upto Rs. 3,000/- or both. The driver can be arrested on the spot.
Section 186: If a person drives a vehicle when mentally or physically unfit to drive, he/she shall be punishable for the first offence with fine upto Rs. 200/- and Rs. 500/- for subsequent offence.
Section 187: If a driver or a owner fails to report involvement of his/her vehicle in an accident and give the required information to the Police Officer concerned, he/she shall be punishable with imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 500/- or both in addition to the punishment for the accident, in case convicted. For the subsequent offence under this section, the imprisonment can be upto 6 months and fine amount upto Rs. 1,000/-
Section 188: Whoever abets the commission of offence under Section 184, 185 and 186 shall be punishable for the same punishment as the accused himself / herself.
Section 189: Whoever without the written consent of the State Government permits or takes part in a race or trial of speed of any kind between motor vehicles in any public place shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month or with a fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both.
Section 190: Punishment for violation of the standards prescribed in relation to road safety, control of noise and air pollution is fine amount upto Rs.1000/- for the first offence and Rs. 2000/- for the subsequent offence.
Section 192: Using a vehicle without registration can result in minimum fine amount of Rs. 2000/- and maximum upto Rs. 5000/-. For subsequent offence, the fine amount can be upto Rs. 10,000/- with a minimum of Rs. 5000/-
The punishment is not applicable for vehicles used in an emergency for the conveyance of persons suffering from sickness or injuries or for the transportation of food or material to relieve distress or of medical supplies for a like purpose.
Section 192(a): Using vehicle in contravention of permit condition can result in fine upto Rs. 5000/- but not less than Rs. 2000/- for the first offence and imprisonment upto 1 year but not less than 3 months or with fine amount upto Rs. 10,000/- but not less than Rs. 5000/- or both for the subsequent offence.
Section 194: Driving vehicle exceeding permissible weight can result with a punishment of Rs. 2000/- and an additional amount of Rs. 1,000/- per tonne of excess load together with the liability to pay charges of off-loading the excess load.
Section 196: Driving uninsured vehicle can result in punishment in imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 1000/- or both.
Section 197: Whoever takes or drives away any motor vehicle without having either the consent of the owner thereof or other lawful authority shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both.
Section 200: The offence under the following sections can be compounded by the Police Officers:
Sections 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 189, 190, 191, 192, 194, 196 or 198.
Section 201: Whoever keeps a disabled vehicle on any public place in such a manner so as to cause impediment to the free flow of traffic, shall be liable for penalty upto to fifty rupees per hour so long as it remains in that position. Section 202:
(1) of Section 66 or in contravention of any condition of such permit relating to the route on which or the area in which or the purpose for which the vehicle may be used, seize and detain the vehicle, in the prescribed manner and for this purpose, take or cause to be taken any steps he may consider proper for the temporary safe custody of the vehicle.
Section 215: The Central and Statement Government are required to constitute National Road Safety Council, State Road Safety Council and District Road Safety Committees for road safety programmes.
Sadak Suraksha & Cheetah Helpline
Tips on Good Driving
A GOOD DRIVER IS ALWAYS
towards pedestrians, cyclists and other drivers. Tries not to frighten them by approaching at a threatening speed. Does not blow horn and add to the high level of noise in the city. Does not use headlights at full beam and blind the on-coming drivers.
by giving way to the traffic on the right; by slowing down to allow pedestrians to cross the road; does not show impatience by repeatedly blowing horn or threatening gestures; by helping another driver in distress.
doesn’t overspeed; doesn’t overtake recklessly; keeps his vehicle in good condition; follows lane discipline; observes traffic signals and parking restrictions.
Traffic Lights & Signals